Balanced Diet Nutrition Knowledge Quiz
This is a timed quiz. You will be given 598 seconds to answer all questions. Are you ready?
Eating a balanced diet is very important. Can you guess the most important reason behind doing so?
More than anything else, eating a balanced diet is necessary for our body to function properly. Looking at the broader perspective a balanced diet supplies all the essential nutrients to the body, which is required for it to work effectively, be it keeping disease at bay or overall growth of an individual.
Malnutrition is a commonly used word. What does it mean?
Malnutrition is the lack of required essential nutrients in the diet. It is not only undernutrition but can be overnutrition as well. So, the correct answer is option B. Even if a person is eating an adequate quantity of food, but the portion lacks essential nutrients, the person is said to be malnourished.
Milk is poor in one of the given lists of nutrients. Which is that nutrient?
Milk lacks in Vitamin C. Vitamin C is found in citrus fruits like Oranges, lemons, and green vegetables.
Which is the main nutrient that is the main source of energy for the human body?
Carbohydrate is the main source of energy for the human body. The human body breaks down carbohydrates into glucose which is the main source of energy. They are known to be the energy-giving compounds in the body.
Can you guess, if bigger and taller people need ------------- amount of energy than smaller and shorter people?
Bigger and taller people use less energy as compared to smaller and shorter people. Taller people use less energy per kilogram body mass than larger individuals. The reason is the height, not the metabolic rate.
Which component of food helps our body to fight against infections?
Protein is the essential nutrient that helps our body to fight against infections. It helps in growth and also repairs damaged cells and tissues.
When there is a decrease in energy intake and an increase in energy expenditure, what happens to the bodyweight of a person?
When the energy expenditure is more than the energy consumed, the person tends to lose weight. It results in a decrease in body mass.
Which category of food items is the example of high nutrient and high energy food?
Fruits and vegetables belong to the category of high nutrient and high energy food as they contain many minerals and vitamins required by the body for effective functioning.
What does a balanced diet prevent from occurring?
A balanced diet prevents us from getting ill. It protects the body from many kinds of diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, obesity, diabetes, and many more.
Out of the options given, which of these is not counted as a nutrient?
Minerals, fats, and vitamins are important nutrients needed for the proper functioning of the body. Whereas fiber is not counted as a nutrient. It is derived from one of the macronutrients. Since fiber is not absorbed or digested by the body and also it does not add any calories to the diet, it is not considered a nutrient.
In a balanced diet, what should be the main constituent, which makes half of the total portion?
In a balanced diet, half of the portion should be grains and vegetables. It contains antioxidants that help in fighting diseases, delay aging, and also prevent cell damage. As a part of a balanced diet, eating more legumes helps in lowering heart rate, blood pressure and lowers blood sugar.
Food items like rice, pasta, bread, and cereal are a good source of which nutrient?
Pasta, bread, rice, and cereal are good sources of carbohydrates. All of the mentioned food items are made of grains, which are an excellent source of carbohydrates.
Which of the following food items contains the most amount of fat?
Angel Food Cake has more fat as compared to a burger, graham crackers, and brownies.
The nutrient that is most important for healthy vision is ---------.
The most important nutrient needed for healthy vision is Vitamin A. it helps in maintaining a clear cornea. Vitamin A is also present in Rhodopsin, which is the protein in the eyes that enables to see in low light.
Out of the products listed below, which one is not a dairy product?
Veal is not a dairy product. Veal is the meat of calves, not the older cattle. It can be either the meat of a male calf or a female calf. Mostly, it is the meat of the male calf, since they are not used for breeding.
Usually, people above the age of 65 years, experience poor appetite. What does it affect in such individuals?
Poor appetite, in people above the age of 65 years, affects their weight. Loss of appetite in elderly people leads to weight loss and they experience fatigue and increased frailty.
Which is the most crucial element that affects the nutritional requirement in an individual?
The most important factor that affects the nutritional requirement in an individual is activity and growth. An individual's nutritional needs increase with their level of physical activity. It is directly proportional to the growth.
At what time most of the vital functions and repairs are being carried out by the body?
The human body repairs and most of the other vital functions at night when we are sleeping. It is during deep sleep that body repairs its organs, muscles, and cells. During this time, chemicals that strengthen our immune system also flow in the blood.
Which nutrient is the most important one to prevent dental caries?
The most important nutrient which prevents dental caries is Fluoride. Though Fluoride does not eliminate the risk of dental caries, it is believed to reduce the risk by 20 to 40 percent in children if added to the drinking water.
Which is the nutrient that is most important for gaining height in childhood?
Protein is the key nutrient required for gaining height in childhood. It plays an important role in the overall development and growth of the child. Protein also aids immune function and tissue repair in the body.
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